Research Findings

 What does is matter?

  • It works! At 6-month follow-up, participants in the original program were more likely than control youth to use condoms if they were sexually active (85% vs. 61%). The program also appeared to lower truancy, drug dealing and fighting.

  • Parent involvement strengthens the effects. In a later study, youth were randomized to groups using FOY alone or FOY with ImPACT. At 6-month, 12-month and 24-month follow ups, youth in the parental monitoring group (ImPACT) reported significantly lower rates of sex, sex without a condom, alcohol use, and cigarette use. They also had lower rates of school suspension and drug use.

  • It works in different cultures and settings. While FOY  was specifically designed for African-American youth, it has been successful in both school and community settings across many cultures in places as diverse as Baltimore, MD, Washington state, Washington DC, rural West Virginia, the Bahamas, Namibia, China and Vietnam.

Research Results

For more information about the research studies, see Research articles.

Lyles, C. M., Kay, L. S., Crepaz, N., Herbst, J. H., Passin, W., Kim, A., et al. (2007). Best evidence interventions: Findings from a systematic review of HIV behavioral interventions for U. S. populations at high risk, 2000-2004. American Journal of Public Health 97 (1): 133-143.

Stanton BS, Li X, Ricardo I, Galbraith J, Feigelman S, Kaljee L. A randomized, controlled effectiveness trial of an AIDS prevention program for low-income African-American youths. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 150:363-372.

Wu, Y., Stanton, B., Galbraith, J., Kaljee, L., Cottrell, L., Li, X., et al. (2003). Sustaining and broadening intervention impact: A longitudinal randomized trial of three adolescent risk reduction approaches. Pediatrics 111 (1): 32-38.